Archive for Heritage

Pettigala Mountain

This mountain is the highest place in Balangoda. It is about 4500 feet above sea level. There are many trees in this area. There are Nadun, Dhamba, Mila, Kithul. Nelly, Siyambala etc.
This is a large forest and animals such as Monkeys, deer, and and bears wild live there. Inside the forest is very dark. There are Some caves also.
There are beautiful water falls and springs here. Balangoda town’s water supply depends on these water sourcers.
The villagers get kithul toddy and make honey and jugarry from the kithul trees in the forest. They do this in groups and they earn their living from this.
There are some big Rocks also. We can see the tops of some rocks. The top of one vast rock is octercal shape. Some times this should be the reason for it’s name “pettigala”.

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Sooriya Kanda

Sooriya kanda is a part of “Sinharaja forest” this is a very beautiful mountain. There are mammals, reptiles, birds fishes also in the forest. The dangerous animals like leopards and bears also live there. There are many fruits and medicinal plants in this forest. The “Deniyaya” road goes across this mountain. T.V Towers are also situated in the forest. There are springs, caves and lots of valuable herbs in this large forest

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Komarica – Aloe Barbandensis Mill

Written By:- Lasantha Jayanath

This is a herbal medicine. Green in colour the leaves have thorny edges. The most valuable part is the centre of the leaf, while it is very cool when touched. A very special feature of this herb is that it can be grown in pots as well as on the grand. It is used to treat burn injuries. Because of its cooling and slimy effect it can be applied to reduce burn and to cause a soothing effect. In the past almost any home in the village would not fail to have a komerika plant in the garden.
Another special feature of this plant is that a leaf once cut through the middle will grow again. It docs not require any fertilizer. It grows almost any where. It even grows between rocks and on sandy soil. A leaf is about eighteen inches in length. A bush will have around 8 to 10 leaves. It can be stated that komarika is an essential plant in the lives of people.

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Venivel is a medicinal creeper. This has nodes on the stem. Venivel creepers grow in dry forests in Sri Lanka. If we cut the yellow stem, liquid that gets quite sticky comes out of it. Venivel is very useful as a medicine. Our ancient people also used this as a medicine. When we are suffering from like these diseases fever, body pain, influenza.   We boil this stem and use it as a herbal drink. It is a very good treatment for body pains, bleeding and influenza. We can buy this from “Sinhala Aryurvedic groceries” we can find venivel creepers in our countryside homes. They cut them in to pieces and store them in bottles or some where to be used when needed. This boiled Liquid is bitter but it is very useful and important as a medicinal drug. We must protect this medicinal creeper for the future use.
     Venivel is grown in some forests of Sri Lanka. Specially this herbal plant can be seen mostly in the forests in Balangoda area.   

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Sports and our lives

Every child likes to play. Not only the able bodied but also disabled are fond of sports.

Sports play an important role in child’s life. It is said that a healthy mind can be found only in a healthy body. Sports develop not only the child’s physical faculty but also his mental faculty.

There are various kinds of sports in our country. Some of them are cricket, volley ball, foot boll, net boll, rugger, elle, tennis, badminton, swimming, squash and hockey. Among them, cricket is the most popular sport in Sri Lanka.

In the past sports were not given a priority in our schools. Sports were directly introduced as extra curricular activities. But today the education authorities have realized that sport is an integral part of education.

Exercises have to be done regularly for the proper functioning and development of our body. If a person is engaged in sports continuously, he or she can lead a healthy life. In schools we find some students who look weak and pale. They are the students who never take part in sports.

Sports also teach us good moral values. We can learn good qualities and good attitudes of persons. A good sportsman can take both victory and defeat alike. He is very patient. He accepts any decision without grumbling. He is well disciplined and well mannered. Also he is ready to accept any challenge at any time. Sports teach us leadership qualities and the feeling of work as a team.

Volley ball is the National sport in Sri Lanka. But it is not so popular as cricket today. The government has taken several steps to improve sports. There is a separate Ministry and there is a Minister in charge of sports. Sport clubs have been established throughout the island. Sport equipment is issued by the Ministry to these clubs free of charge.

In the present day society our children have no time to engage in sports. Most of them go for tuition classes or for films. This is a very sad state of affairs. In my opinion sports must be made compulsory in our schools. Parents should realize that a sport too is a part of education. The children should be encouraged to engage in sports too. Otherwise our future generation will be weak and lethargic.
In a recent survey conducted by the World Tourism organization it has been revealed that promotion of sports activities will lead to the promotion of tourist destinations. Several countries in Europe are now using the field of sports for promoting bilateral tourism.

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Reported By : Wasana Nilmini


The people of Sri Lanka have inherited a great culture and a civilization. Archaeological evidence exists to prove that Sri Lanka has been populated for over 3000 years. There is also confirmed archaeological evidence to say that in about 800 B.C. the Sinhalese had settled down in the citadel area in Anuradhapura with a highly developed culture.

          There are many places of historical and cultural importance. Lot of ruins can be seen at these places. Some of these places are Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa, Dambulla, Sigiriya, Yapahuwa and Panduwasnuwara. We should protect the remains of these ruined cities because they are the monuments that symbolize the great past of our country. We can imagine the skills and talents of our ancestors through these buildings, structures, and images. We should preserve them for our future generation. One day they too will look at these monuments with pride.
          Buddhism has not only molded the lives and thoughts of the people, but also has served as the chief source of inspiration to the cultural and social achievements of the nation. During the long and eventful history the island was subject to numerous foreign invasions. But our people were able to protect almost all the objects that were of cultural value.
          We have many traditional arts and crafts. We should protect them. In cities like Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa we can see huge stone pillars, Buddha Statues, Moonstones, Guard stones and ruins of ancient Dagabas. These cities have become very popular places of tourists. We should never forget our traditional customs and practices. We follow these customs at our National festivals such as Sinhala and Hindu New Year and lndependence day celebrations. We should pass on these customs and practices to our younger generation. We should make them aware of the value of such customs and practices.
          We should also protect aesthetic arts and clothing native to us. It is said that a race could be identified by their dress. We should were such clothes at important events, cultural festivals and religious ceremonies. We should give priority to our traditional music. But today most of our youth have compelled to respect Hindi and Western Music. This is a very sad state of affairs.

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Let’s see how the names of villagers were formed in our area

Reported by:- Wasana Nilmini

               It is believed that Kottimbulwala cave was one of the important places of King Walagamba’s being hidden in this place he has built many stupas and temples and also some arts.
The place where sand was taken to build those buildings is called “Weligepola.”
               The Pillow which is kept for our Lord Buddha’s  head is made of “imbul.”  So people call it “Kottimbulwala.”
              It is believed that King Walagamba’s kingdom was situated there at Handagiriya. To enter this kingdom there are four hotes. They are Panamura, Imbulamura, and Molamure.
You could enter this kingdom if only you take those four areas. Because theirs area is consisted of mountains , rocks and slopes.It is stated that tooth relic was taken to this area and has been kept in a safety place at Handagiriya. The villagers still believe it.

            There is a huge rock called “Pollamura.” That rock is called Hawarigala. For that also there are very interesting and historical stories.
One day King Walagamba and his queen Soma went for bathing and had a rest on that rock. She left for palace. On the way to  palace she remembered her “hawari” and it was kept on that rock. The place where the “hawari” is kept  called “Hawarigala.”
           At the door step of cave, a temple was built by queen Soma. The main feature of the Buddha statue here is Lord buddha’s head has been directed to the west.
The legend says  that there is a tunnel from  Lendara to Kottimbulwala. The main entrance to Kottimbulwala is called “Lendara.”
               The place where King Walagamba had his battle is called “Hatanpola.” Later it become “Hatangala.” It is also mentioned in our legendry.


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Hortan Thenna

Hortan thenna is one of the interesting places which is situated in Sri Lanka.
It is in the district of ‘Nuwara Eliya’ of Central province. Any visitors can
reach this place along a crooket road from the Ohiya railway station .Besides
 this road many finas trees have been grown by the people .                                             
This area in covered with the mist. With in half one hour any one can reach
Horton Thenna.The lord of the forest is level and taller tress can be seen.
There are two beautiful waterfalls named by Chimini Ella and Backors Ella.
With the golden colour of the fally water and the sweet should of the Backors
 waterfall is bright the area ,Chimini Ella is close to have.
The most beautiful and interesting places in Horton Thenna is the World
End ‘small and big World End’. The World End spreads toward southern.
This southern Horton thenna is high about 350 and spreads to Balangoda area.

Scene is very terrific .Any way the slop at this places is very interesting.
There are tress and bushes covered the land. Not only that can be seen endemic
 plants and fertile soil .There fore the plants .So many tourists come here to
watch its beauty

Written by Dulari Harshika

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Gem Industry in Sri Lanka

There is a wide variety of gems in Sri Lanka. Out of those the
followers gems one considered as major varieties.
Blue Saphire
Red Saphire
Yellow Saphire
Cat’s eye
Blue Saphire
It is a very dark blue glossy gem. It is found easily in Ratnapura
area. Some of them are very high in value. Gem merchants buy them at
 various prices depending on the size.
Red Saphire
It is a very colorful bright gem. Hatton and Bagawanthalawa are
famous places for them. There fore land value in this area has gone
up in price. Local merchants as well as foreign buyers travel to this
area to buy gems.

Yellow Saphire
This variety of gems is mostly found in Balangoda, Aluthnuwara,
Diyawinna and Okkamptiya areas. Specially in Aluthnuware area mining
land value is very high as most of the gems found in them are yellow

Cat’s eye
 This variety is different from the other gems. There is a shiners
line moving from side to side. This is a very high priced gem and
it is found in the Ratnapura area.


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Water in all its forms, icebergs, snowflakes, oceans, lakes and rivers has a fascination of its own.
But none can surpass the awesome beauty of a waterfall.

There are about sixteen principal waterfalls in Sri Lanka. Of these Bambarakanda waterfall is the highest,
 with a height of about 240 metros. Dunhinda, which is perhaps the best known of all the waterfalls, gets
its name from the smoke spray it creates as its water falls into the rock pool below. Hence the names
 Dunhinda, Dunhinda, Ravana Ella, Diyaluma all have strange legends, which explain how they got their names.
According to legend this is how Diyaluma, which literally means skein of water, got its name. A prince
flees from his enemies. He is accompanied by his princess. As they run they come to a huge rock. The prince
climbs up the rock with difficulty and throws down a vine for his princess to climb up. The princess catches
hold of the vine and the prince begins to haul her up. But half way up the rock the vine gets entangled in a rock
crevice and hangs between the top of the rock and the ground below. The princess dies. The deity of the forest
 sees this and makes the girl immortal by turning her into a slim skein of water. That is how Diyaluma got its name.
Bopath Ella is another watefall well known for its beauty of formation. In this, the water falls gracefully in the
shape of a ‘bo’ leaf.
Waterfalls are not just pretty things. They have majesty of their own. They are delights of nature to be experienced
 and felt, not just seen only.

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